Native Plant Selector

anise hyssop agastache foeniculum

Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

  • Smells like licorice
  • Can be used as an herb
  • Steep leaves in hot water for delicious tea
  • Full to part sun
  • Dry to medium soil
  • 2′ to 4′ tall
  • Blooms July thru September
  • Clump forming
  • Pollinator magnet
  • Extremely long bloom time
Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum)

Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum)

  • Grows 6 to 10 feet tall
  • Full sun to part shade
  • Medium soil
  • Blooms May and June
  • Flowers attract pollinators
  • Birds love the berries
  • Takes well to summer pruning
  • Larval host plant
  • Good fall color
  • Flowers smell unpleasant
  • Will form colonies
  • Not for small landscapes
Beak grass diarrhena obovata

Beak Grass (Diarrhena obovata)

  • Medium, moist or wet soil
  • Considered rare in parts of its range
  • Grows 1 to 3 feet tall
  • Naturally found in high quality woodlands
  • Excellent ground cover for shady areas
  • Very adaptive
  • Full sun to deep shade
  • Prolific
  • Spreads easily from seed
Big Leaved Aster (eurybia macrophylla)

Big Leaved Aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

  • Large, heart-shaped leaves up to 8 inches
  • Good for a shade groundcover
  • Grows 12 inches tall
  • Part shade to shade
  • Dry to moist soil
  • Non-showy bloom from August through October
  • Shorter shade-tolerant aster
Black Chokeberry (Symphyotrichum sericeum)

Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)

  • Grows 3 to 6 feet tall
  • Full sun to part shade
  • Medium moisture
  • Blooms in May, June
  • Larval host plant
  • Berries rated as having one of the highest antioxidant capacity of all fresh fruits
  • This super fruit is also anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-diabetic
  • Berry flavor is astringent – not sweet but also not bitter or sour
  • Birds love this berry which ripens just in time for their fall migration
  • Gorgeous red Autumn leaves
Black Cohosh (actaea racemosa)

Black Cohosh (Actaea racemosa)

  • Grows 4 to 6 feet tall
  • Medium to moist soil
  • Part shade to shade
  • Can bloom from June to September
  • Shade-loving plant
  • Can get rather large
  • Showy white flowers
Black-eyed Susan (rudbeckia hirta)

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

  • Grows 1 to 3 feet tall
  • Part to full sun
  • Dry to moist soil
  • Blooms June through September
  • Long bloom time
  • Attracts butterflies and other pollinators
  • Seed heads attract finches and other birds
  • Prolific
  • Will spread easily from seed
Black-haw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium)

Black-Haw (Viburnum prunifolium)

  • Grows 6 to 12 feet tall
  • Full sun to part shade
  • Dry to medium soil
  • Blooms May, June
  • Flowers attract pollinators
  • Berries loved by birds
  • Takes well to summer pruning
  • Larval host plant
  • Good fall color
  • Fragrant flowers and sweet fruit
  • Forms colonies
  • Tends to spread
  • Beautiful red autumn leaves
  • Large shrub – needs space
Bladdernut (Staphylea trifolia)

Bladdernut (Staphylea trifolia)

  • Grows 10 to 15 feet
  • Part to full shade
  • Dry to medium soil
  • Blooms in May
  • Attracts pollinators and birds
  • Larval host plant
  • Interesting bladder-like fruit and striated bark
  • Black Walnut tolerant
  • Not for small landscape
Blue Flag Iris (Iris Virginica Shrevei)

Blue Flag Iris (Iris virginica shrevei)

  • Hardy plant for wet soil
  • Grows 2 to 3 feet tall
  • Blooms in June and July
  • Full to part sun
  • Excellent for low wet areas
  • Loved by hummingbirds
  • Great plant for gutter down-spout or rain garden
Blue Fruited Dogwood (Cornus obliqua)

Blue Fruited Dogwood (Cornus obliqua)

  • Grows 8 to 10 feet tall
  • Part to full shade
  • Moist soil
  • Blooms June and July
  • Attractive to our native pollinators
  • Not a specimen plant
  • Good to prevent erosion along a stream bank
  • Larval host plant
  • Birds love the fruit of this plant
  • Fruit is edible but bitter
  • Will tolerate poor drainage
Great blue lobelia (lobelia siphilitica)Great blue lobelia (lobelia siphilitica)Great blue lobelia (lobelia siphilitica)Great blue lobelia (lobelia siphilitica)Great blue lobelia (lobelia siphilitica)Great blue lobelia (lobelia siphilitica)

Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

  • Grows 1 to 4 feet tall
  • Full to part sun
  • Medium to moist soil
  • Attractive to pollinators and hummingbirds
  • Blooms July through September
  • Not aggressive
  • Good for damp clay
  • Could be considered a short-lived perennial
  • self-seeds and will move around
blue vervain (verbena hastata)

Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata)

  • Grows 2 to 4 feet tall
  • Full Sun to Part Shade
  • Medium to dry soil
  • Long blooming
  • Blooms July through September
  • Important nectar source
  • Great for butterfly gardens
  • Larval host plant
  • Non-aggressive
  • Very drought resistant
  • Good plant for rain garden swale or area with poor drainage
  • Will self-seed and move around
Bottle Gentian (gentiana andrewsii)

Bottle Gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)

  • Grows 1 to 2 feet tall
  • Full to part sun
  • Moist to wet soil
  • Blooms late into fall
  • Slow growing
  • Long-lived
  • Unique closed flowers
  • Pollinated exclusively by large bumblebees
Butterfly Weed (asclepias tuberosa)

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

  • Full sun
  • Medium to dry soil
  • 2′ tall
  • Blooms June through August
  • Important Milkweed species for monarchs and other butterflies
  • Prolific orange blooms in hot sun
  • Clump forming plant
Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)

Button Bush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)

  • Grows 5 to 12 feet tall
  • Full sun to part shade
  • Medium to wet soil
  • Blooms in June
  • Loved by pollinators
  • Attracts hummingbirds
  • Great for wet areas
  • Takes well to pruning
  • Larval host plant
  • Attractive foliage and unique flowers
  • Will even grow in standing water
  • Not for the small landscape
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